Knots & Lashings

 Square Knot
 Figure Eight Knot
 Clove Hitch
 Half Hitch
 Larks Head
 Sailor's Knot
 Bow Knot
 Overhand Knot
 Timber Hitch
 Tautline Knot

 Sheer Lashing
The sheer lashing is used to lash two spars together.
  1. Lay 2 Spars side by side.
  2. Tie a Clove Hitch to one spar.
  3. Make 4 loose wraps around the spars and 4 frapping turns between them.
  4. Finish with a Clove Hitch.

 Square Lashing
Square lashings are used to bind together two spars that are at right angles to each other.
  1. Place the poles in the shape of a cross. Tie a clove hitch around the bottom pole near the crosspiece. Twist the free end of the rope around its standing part and tuck it out of the way.
  2. Make 3 or 4 wraps around the spars, keeping the rope very tight. As you form the wraps, lay the rope on the outside of each previous turn around the crosspiece, and on the inside of each previous turn around the bottom pole.
  3. Then wind 3 or 4 frapping turns around the wrapping to tighten the lashings as much as you can.
  4. Finish it off with another Clove Hitch.

 Diagonal Lashing
Diagonal lashings are used to lash together two spars that are not at a right angle.
  1. Start by tying a Timber Hitch around both poles and pulling it snug.
  2. Make 4 tight wraps around the spars, laying each wrap neatly alongside the Timber Hitch.
  3. Make 4 more tight wraps across the first set.
  4. Frap it 3 or 4 times and finish it off with a Clove hitch.

 Tripod Lashing
A tripod lashing is made by laying three spars alongside each other, with the center spar pointing in the opposite direction as the other two.
  1. Tie a Clove Hitch around one outside pole.
  2. Loosely wrap the three poles 5 or 6 times, then make the frapping on either side of the center spar.
  3. Finish the lashing with a Clove Hitch around the outside spar.